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write a two-page (double-spaced) response paper that answers the following questions:

(1) How did the film make you feel? What surprised you? Or what didn’t surprise you??

(2) Do you think the prison system, as shown in the video, achieved justice??

(3) How does the film relate to what you learned, from course materials about how the criminal justice system affect?families??

Sociology 62
Families and Intimate Relations

Professor Kristin Turney

Video Lesson: Trends in Incarceration
1

Prisoners Under State and Federal
Jurisdiction, 1925-2012

Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics

0

100

200

300

400

500

600

700

800

900

1000

19
25

19
28

19
31

19
34

19
37

19
40

19
43

19
46

19
49

19
52

19
55

19
58

19
61

19
64

19
67

19
70

19
73

19
76

19
79

19
82

19
85

19
88

19
91

19
94

19
97

20
00

20
03

20
06

20
09

20
12

N
um

be
r

pe
r

10
0,

00
0

Total

Male

Female

2

Cumulative Risk of Paternal Incarceration
for Children Born in 1990, by Age 14

0.0%

10.0%

20.0%

30.0%

40.0%

50.0%

60.0%

High school dropout High school Some college

White

Black

Source: Wildeman (2009)

3

Rise in mass incarceration

??Dramatic increase in U.S. incarceration rate
since mid-1970s
?? Changes in economic and social life of urban men
?? Punitive turn in criminal justice policy
??Increase in number of incarcerated parents
??Social patterning of incarceration

4

The End.

5

Sociology 62
Families and Intimate Relations

Professor Kristin Turney

Video Lesson: Consequences of Incarceration
for Families 1

Consequences of mass incarceration

??Some crime-fighting effects of incarceration
??Effects on men
??Effects on women attached to incarcerated

(or formerly incarcerated) men
??Effects on children

??Increasing inequality for family life 2

Incarceration and marriage

??Theoretically, why would incarceration affect
marriage?
?? Incapacitation
?? Erodes ?marriageability?
?? Erodes men?s economic capacities
?? Increases stigma
?? Influences relationships

3

Incarceration and marriage

??Race/ethnic differences in association
between incarceration and marriage
?? No effect for Whites
?? Very small effect for Hispanics
?? Large effect for Blacks
??Gap gets smaller when accounting for

employment

4

Incarceration and divorce

??Theoretically, why would incarceration affect
divorce?
?? Incapacitation
?? Erodes ?marriageability?
?? Erodes men?s economic capacities
?? Increases stigma
?? Influences relationships

5

Incarceration and divorce

??Race/ethnic differences in association
between incarceration and divorce
?? Large effect for Whites
?? Large effect for Hispanics
?? No effect for Blacks
??Gap gets smaller when accounting for

employment

6

Incarceration and parenting

??Effects on fathers? parenting
??Spillover effects on mothers? and social

fathers? parenting
??Effects differ for residential and

nonresidential parents

7

Incarceration and parenting

??Some evidence that incarceration is a turning
point that prompts involvement with
children
??Incarceration diminishes time spent with

children, coparenting, and quality of father-
child interactions

8

Conclusions?

??Paternal incarceration alters the fabric of
family life
??Inmates embedded in networks made up of

partners and children

??Incarceration as a new form of family
instability?

9

The End.

10

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