Chat with us, powered by LiveChat In the?Physics, Aristotle famously distinguishes sever - Study Help
  

In the?Physics, Aristotle famously distinguishes several ways of being a ?cause? or for being ?responsible? for something else being the case. The purpose of this assignment is to get clearer about what this means.

1. First,?formulate a question that asks why some ?S is P??that could be answered by citing causes of all four types. ?For example, ?Why do birds have feathers?? (S is P = a bird is feathered) or ?Why do tables have flat surfaces?? (S is P = tables are flat-surfaced).?You must use an example that is not one of the examples used in lecture.?This is a chance to think creatively.

2. Next, give answers to that question that?cite each of the four causes?in a way you take to be maximally accurate or precise. For example, the specific type of wood the table is made of might be the cause as ?matter? of the table being flat-surfaced, and the carpenter (or even the?techn??the carpenter possesses) might be the cause as ?maker? or ?efficient cause? of that fact, and so on. Make clear in your answer?in which type of causal relation?you intend for each of the specific causes you cite to stand to the effect (i.e, to the ?S is P? in question). (That is, label each answer as ?the material cause?, ?the efficient cause?, and so on.)

3. Finally, give an example of answers (of all four types) that cite merely?coincidental?causes. For example, the carpenter might also be a musician, in which case the musician might also be considered the efficient cause of the table being flat-surfaced, but only coincidentally (i.e, because the musician ?coincides? with the carpenter). Another way to put this would be to ask you to specify some ?kookie object? that is ?one in number, though two in being? with the intrinsic or?per se?cause you cited. Please do this for?each?of the four types of causes.

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