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Write a critical appraisal that demonstrates comprehension of two qualitative research studies. Use the “Research Critique Guidelines ? Part 1” document to organize your essay. Successful completion of this assignment requires that you provide rationale, include examples, and reference content from the studies in your responses.

Use the practice problem and two qualitative, peer-reviewed research article you identified in the Topic 1 assignment to complete this assignment.

In a 1,000?1,250 word essay, summarize two qualitative studies, explain the ways in which the findings might be used in nursing practice, and address ethical considerations associated with the conduct of the study.

You are required to cite a minimum of three peer-reviewed sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be published within the last 5 years, appropriate for the assignment criteria, and relevant to nursing practice.??

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

Research Critique Guidelines ? Part I

Use this document to organize your essay. Successful completion of this assignment requires that you provide a rationale, include examples, and reference content from the studies in your responses.

Qualitative Studies

Background of Study

1.Summary of studies. Include problem, significance to nursing, purpose, objective, and research question.

How do these two articles support the nurse practice issue you chose?

1.Discuss how these two articles will be used to answer your PICOT question.

2.Describe how the interventions and comparison groups in the articles compare to those identified in your PICOT question.

Method of Study:

1.State the methods of the two articles you are comparing and describe how they are different.

2.Consider the methods you identified in your chosen articles and state one benefit and one limitation of each method.

Results of Study

1.Summarize the key findings of each study in one or two comprehensive paragraphs.

2.What are the implications of the two studies in nursing practice?

Ethical Considerations

1.Discuss two ethical consideration in conducting research.

2.Describe how the researchers in the two articles you choose took these ethical considerations into account while performing their research


Literature Evaluation Table

Summary of Clinical Issue (200-250 words):

Today, obesity is twice as common in teenagers as it was thirty years ago. Statistics classify around 12.7 million adolescents as obese. This figure represents 17% of adolescents (Sanyaolu et al, 2019). These numbers are worrying as they seem to go grow each day and yet they have reached epidemic levels. Among many causes for the growth of these trends are unhealthy lifestyle choices and psychological factors. Adolescents should be taught how to manage their lifestyles and eat much healthier. Parents have a huge role to play when it comes to monitoring and coaching their children on matters of diet and exercise. They also have to try and improve their self-esteem by emphasizing their strengths and trying to improve their weaknesses. Most of the time obesity becomes a lifelong issue that is associated with the risk of other critical conditions such as heart disease and high blood pressure (Sanyaolu et al, 2019). Its association with such diseases is worrying since their prevalence increases with age. This puts obesity as a condition that is a life risk. Both primary and secondary prevention measures are necessary for the numbers to decline. In the meantime, it is necessary to research to further understand the prevalence and risk factors associated with obesity among adolescents in the United States.

PICOT Question:

Why is the prevalence of obesity among adolescents in the United States high and what causes the rise in these numbers?

P = Adolescent children between the age of 12-18 years of age.

I = Use of data based on weight, age, sex, and other lifestyle habits.

C = Prevalence of obesity ten years before our current research

O = Realize the current trends and prevalence of obesity to help the health care system.

T= Last five years.


Article 1

Article 2

Article 3

APA-Formatted Article Citation with Permalink

Cureau, F., Sparrenberger, K., Bloch, K., Ekelund, U., & Schaan, B. (2018). Associations of multiple unhealthy lifestyle behaviors with overweight/obesity and abdominal obesity among Brazilian adolescents: A country-wide survey. Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, 28(7), 765?774.

Yang, L., Bovet, P., Ma, C., Zhao, M., Liang, Y., & Xi, B. (2018). Prevalence of underweight and overweight among young adolescents aged 12?15 years in 58 low-income and middle-income countries. Pediatric Obesity, 14(3), e12468.

Ahmad, A., Zulaily, N., Shahril, M. R., Syed Abdullah, E. F. H., & Ahmed, A. (2018). Association between socioeconomic status and obesity among 12-year-old Malaysian adolescents. PLOS ONE, 13(7), e0200577.

How Does the Article Relate to the PICOT Question?

The report analyzes the prevalence of obesity in Brazil while relating it to unhealthy lifestyle habits as the main cause of obesity.

The study sought to analyze the causes of obesity in different countries while at the same time analyzing its prevalence.

The study seeks to look into one of the factors that affect the prevalence of obesity which gives rise to the current trends observed.

Quantitative, Qualitative (How do you know?)

Quantitative research- it was a cross-sectional study that took measurements for various factors influencing obesity.

Quantitative research- the research relied on data from previous surveys that researched obesity among adolescents from the Global School-based student survey.

Quantitative research- there was a cross-sectional study that took measurements from the participants.

Purpose Statement

To investigate the association of unhealthy lifestyle habits with obesity among adolescents.

The study aims to give a current report on the prevalence of underweight, overweight, and obesity trends among adolescents.

To determine how socioeconomic factors influence the prevalence of obesity in adolescents in the Terengganu area.

Research Question

How does lifestyle habits influence obesity development and body weight?

The coexistence between overweight and underweight brings challenges in the health care system and their prevalence needs to be known to be well catered and monitored.

What is the relationship between socioeconomic factors and obesity among adolescents?


The article identifies the following themes;

? The unhealthy lifestyle habits of participants.

? Obesity development based on physical inactivity

? The age and sex of the participants.

The following themes were identified in the study

? The WHO obesity criteria for low and middle-income countries.

? Prevalence is based on countries and regions.

? The causes of obesity among adolescents.

The study identified the following themes for the study;

? The BMI status between boys and girls.

? Education status of the children

? Occupational status of the parents.


(Where did the study take place?)

A country-wide survey in Brazil

58 low income and middle-income countries.

Government primary schools in Kuala, Terengganu and Besut District in Malaysia.


62063 school going students.

177,325 adolescents aged 12-15 years.

3798 school adolescents.


A cross-sectional study based on self-reports by students about their physical inactivity, fiber intake, and other factors.

Analysis from the Global School-based student survey.

Cross-sectional analysis of collected data about height, weight, and age collected through school surveys.

Key Findings of the Study

There was found to be a synergetic relationship between obesity and unhealthy lifestyle habits.

There was no difference in prevalence based on age and sex in the compared countries.

There is a direct link between family income and obesity was realized.

Recommendations of the Researcher

There should be combined efforts that target combined unhealthy lifestyle habits to reduce its prevalence.

Policies to be put in place to address both underweight and overweight conditions.

The need to have multi-faceted and community countrywide approaches to include the role of the authorities, community, and family in reducing the number of cases.


Article 4

Article 5

Article 6

APA-Formatted Article Citation with Permalink

Arfines, P. P., Luglio, H. F., & Kusumawardani, N. (2020). Prevalence and Lifestyle Risk Factors of Overweight and Obesity Among Indonesian Adolescents: An Analysis of Global School-Based Health Survey 2007 and 2015. Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Health Research (ISHR 2019).

Al-Hussaini, A., Bashir, M., Khormi, M., AlTuraiki, M., Alkhamis, W., Alrajhi, M., & Halal, T. (2019). Overweight and obesity among Saudi children and adolescents: Where do we stand today? Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology, 25(4), 229.

Zhang, J., Wang, H., Wang, Z., Du, W., Su, C., Zhang, J., Jiang, H., Jia, X., Huang, F., Ouyang, Y., Wang, Y., & Zhang, B. (2018). Prevalence and stabilizing trends in overweight and obesity among children and adolescents in China, 2011?2015. BMC Public Health, 18(1).

How Does the Article Relate to the PICOT Question?

The article looks into the current trend and prevalence of obesity in Indonesia

The research question sought answers on the prevalence and ongoing trend of obesity.

The data collected offers an in-depth view of the prevalence of obesity among adolescents.

Quantitative, Qualitative (How do you know?)

Quantitative research- data was collected through questionnaires and anthropometrics. Questionnaires asked about certain measurable aspects of obesity.

Quantitative research- the researchers took data on body mass, age, and gender.

Quantitative research- the researchers used data from the China Health Nutrition Survey and China National Transition Cohort Study and took into consideration aspects such as age and gender.

Purpose Statement

To evaluate the important dominant lifestyle factor associated with obesity.

To give the most recent statistics on the prevalence and trends of obesity and overweight in Riyadh city.

His study sought to update the public on the recent prevalence and trends in obesity among adolescents in China.

Research Question

What are the factors that influence obesity prevalence and what are the current trends on obesity?

How does the prevalence and trends on obesity and overweight compare with those of the past two decades in terms of geography and sample age?

Childhood obesity seems to be plateauing. What are the current trends in obesity among children and adolescents?


The study identified the following themes;

? The prevalence according to age and sex.

? Lifestyle factors that influence obesity,

? The body mass compared to the height of the participant.

There was a comparison between data from the past decade and another set from the previous decade. It showed that prevalence had doubled over the last ten years.

The major themes identified in the study included;

? The prevalence of obesity and overweight in terms of gender.

? Age and eating habits of the participants.


(Where did the study take place?)

Analysis of data collected from the Global School-based Health Survey in Indonesia.

Schools in Riyadh city.

Data had been collected from 15 provinces in China.


116 students from the first survey and 110 students in the second survey.

7930 school-going children in Riyadh city.

A survey was conducted in two waves-the first was done in 12 provinces while the second was done in 15 provinces in China.


Use of questionnaires and anthropometrics

Cross-sectional study enquiring on body mass, gender, and age.

Data analysis from a survey by the China Health Nutrition Survey.

Key Findings of the Study

Programs to prevent adolescent obesity have been limited and unprioritized.

Obesity has risen at alarming rates among children in Saudi.

Trends in obesity and overweight had remained stable in the last years in children but had increased for adolescents.

Recommendations of the Researcher

Interventions should not be only limited to the promotion of healthy lifestyles. Policies such as taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages should also be put into consideration to be implemented in the future.

There should be the initiation and implementation of effective obesity preventive measures.

Effective policies and interventions need to be intensified and sustained to reduce the number of cases among children and adolescents.


Sanyaolu, A., Okorie, C., Qi, X., Locke, J., & Rehman, S. (2019). Childhood and Adolescent Obesity in the United States: A Public Health Concern. Global Pediatric Health, 6, 2333794X1989130.×19891305

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