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Discussion 3

1 1 unread reply. 1 1 reply.

Respond to all of the following questions related to Psychoanalytic, Adlerian, and Existential Therapy. Make sure to reply to 2 other posts and consult and list (in APA Style) an outside resource (see grading rubric below).?

1. Select one of the defense mechanisms from the reading and provide a description and a specific example the the defense mechanism being used. You can apply this to yourself or someone that you know.?

2. Compare and contrast your own family experience with Adler’s view on birth order. Is your experience consistent regarding his take on sibling relationship and birth position?? Provide support for your response as to why or why not.

3. According to the text, “Existential Therapy places central prominence on the person-to-person relationship. It assumes that client growth occurs through this genuine encounter. It is not the techniques a therapist uses that makes a therapeutic difference; rather it is the quality of that client-therapist relationship that heals” (p. 157).

1. Question: What is your reaction related to this notion? Make sure to support your opinion with information from the textbook reading or other referenced sources.

2. If you viewed the video, Good Will Hunting what role did you think the relationship between Will and his therapist play with respect to Will’s progress in treatment?

Grading Rubric for Discussion Posts- 8 Points

1. Did the student answer the question fully? (4 points)

2. Did the response incorporate and make reference to the assigned reading? (1 point)

3. Did the response include at least one outside resource with reference listed? (2 points)

4. Did the student respond to at least 2 other student posts (1 point

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Theories at-a-Glance
The tables in this book compare theories over a range of topics, thereby providing you with
the ability to easily compare, contrast, and grasp the practical aspects of each theory. These
tables also serve as invaluable resources that can be used to review the key concepts, philoso-
phies, limitations, contributions to multicultural counseling, applications, techniques, and
goals of all theories in this text.

The following chart provides a convenient guide to the tables in this text.

Pages

6 ?7 Table 1.1 Overview of Contemporary Counseling Models

62? 63 Table 4.1 Ego-Defense Mechanisms

65? 66 Table 4.2 Comparison of Freud?s Psychosexual Stages and Erikson?s
Psychosocial Stages

432 Table 15.1 The Basic Philosophies

433? 434 Table 15.2 Key Concepts

438 Table 15.3 Goals of Therapy

441? 442 Table 15.4 The Therapeutic Relationship

443? 444 Table 15.5 Techniques of Therapy

444? 445 Table 15.6 Applications of the Approaches

446 Table 15.7 Contributions to Multicultural Counseling

447 Table 15.8 Limitations in Multicultural Counseling

448? 449 Table 15.9 Contributions of the Approaches

449? 450 Table 15.10 Limitations of the Approaches

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Overview of Focus Questions for the Theories
For the chapters dealing with the different theories, you will have a basic understand-
ing of this book if you can answer the following questions as they apply to each of the eleven
theories:

Who are the key figures (founder or founders) associated with the approach?

What are some of the basic assumptions underlying this approach?

What are a few of the key concepts that are essential to this theory?

What do you consider to be the most important goals of this therapy?

What is the role the therapeutic relationship plays in terms of therapy outcomes?

What are a few of the techniques from this therapy model that you would want to incorporate
into your counseling practice?

What are some of the ways that this theory is applied to client populations, settings, and treat-
ment of problems?

What do you see as the major strength of this theory from a diversity perspective?

What do you see as the major shortcoming of this theory from a diversity perspective?

What do you consider to be the most significant contribution of this approach?

What do you consider to be the most significant limitation of this approach?

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Australia ? Brazil ? Mexico ? Singapore ? United Kingdom ? United States

Gerald Corey
California State University, Fullerton
Diplomate in Counseling Psychology,

American Board of Professional Psychology

Theory and PracTice
of counseling and

PsychoTheraPy
Tenth Edition

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Print Number: 01 Print Year: 2015

? 2017, 2013, Cengage Learning

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Theory and Practice of Counseling and
Psychotherapy, Tenth Edition
Gerald Corey

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To the founders and key figures of the theories presented

in this book?with appreciation for their contributions

to contemporary counseling practice.

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iv

abouT The auThor

gerald corey is Professor Emeritus of Human Services and Counseling at
California State University at Fullerton. He received his doctorate in counseling
from the University of Southern California. He is a Diplomate in Counseling Psy-
chology, American Board of Professional Psychology; a licensed psychologist; and a
National Certified Counselor. He is a Fellow of the American Psychological Associa-
tion (Division 17, Counseling Psychology; and Division 49, Group Psychotherapy);
a Fellow of the American Counseling Association; and a Fellow of the Association
for Specialists in Group Work. He also holds memberships in the American Group
Psychotherapy Association; the American Mental Health Counselors Association;
the Association for Spiritual, Ethical, and Religious Values in Counseling; the Asso-
ciation for Counselor Education and Supervision; and the Western Association of
Counselor Education and Supervision. Both Jerry and Marianne Corey received the
Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Mental Health Counselors Associ-
ation in 2011, and both of them received the Eminent Career Award from ASGW in
2001. Jerry was given the Outstanding Professor of the Year Award from California
State University at Fullerton in 1991. He regularly teaches both undergraduate and
graduate courses in group counseling and ethics in counseling. He is the author or
coauthor of 15 textbooks in counseling currently in print, along with more than 60
journal articles and book chapters. Several of his books have been translated into
other languages. Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy has been trans-
lated into Arabic, Indonesian, Portuguese, Turkish, Korean, and Chinese. Theory and
Practice of Group Counseling has been translated into Korean, Chinese, Spanish, and
Russian. Issues and Ethics in the Helping Professions has been translated into Korean,
Japanese, and Chinese.

In the past 40 years Jerry and Marianne Corey have conducted group counsel-
ing training workshops for mental health professionals at many universities in the
United States as well as in Canada, Mexico, China, Hong Kong, Korea, Germany,
Belgium, Scotland, England, and Ireland. In his leisure time, Jerry likes to travel,
hike and bicycle in the mountains, and drive his 1931 Model A Ford. Marianne
and Jerry have been married since 1964. They have two adult daughters, Heidi and
Cindy, two granddaughters (Kyla and Keegan), and one grandson (Corey).

Recent publications by Jerry Corey, all with Cengage Learning, include:

?? Theory and Practice of Group Counseling, Ninth Edition (and Student Manual)
(2016)

?? Becoming a Helper, Seventh Edition (2016, with Marianne Schneider
Corey)

?? Issues and Ethics in the Helping Professions, Ninth Edition (2015, with Mari-
anne Schneider Corey, Cindy Corey, and Patrick Callanan)

?? Group Techniques, Fourth Edition (2015, with Marianne Schneider
Corey, Patrick Callanan, and J. Michael Russell)

?? Groups: Process and Practice, Ninth Edition (2014, with Marianne Schnei-
der Corey and Cindy Corey)

iv

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v

?? I Never Knew I Had a Choice, Tenth Edition (2014, with Marianne Schneider
Corey)

?? Case Approach to Counseling and Psychotherapy, Eighth Edition (2013)
?? The Art of Integrative Counseling, Third Edition (2013)

Jerry Corey is coauthor (with Barbara Herlihy) of Boundary Issues in Counseling:
Multiple Roles and Responsibilities, Third Edition (2015) and ACA Ethical Standards Case-
book, Seventh Edition (2015); he is coauthor (with Robert Haynes, Patrice Moulton,
and Michelle Muratori) of Clinical Supervision in the Helping Professions: A Practical
Guide, Second Edition (2010); he is the author of Creating Your Professional Path: Les-
sons From My Journey (2010). All four of these books are published by the American
Counseling Association.

He has also made several educational DVD programs on various aspects of
counseling practice: (1) Ethics in Action: DVD and Workbook (2015, with Marianne
Schneider Corey and Robert Haynes); (2) Groups in Action: Evolution and Challenges
DVD and Workbook (2014, with Marianne Schneider Corey and Robert Haynes);
(3) DVD for Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy: The Case of Stan and
Lecturettes (2013); (4) DVD for Integrative Counseling: The Case of Ruth and Lecturettes (2013,
with Robert Haynes); and (5) DVD for Theory and Practice of Group Counseling (2012).
All of these programs are available through Cengage Learning.

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Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

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Preface xi

P A R T 1

BASIC ISSUES IN
COUNSELING PRACTICE

1 Introduction and Overview 1
introduction 2
Where I Stand 3
Suggestions for Using the Book 5
Overview of the Theory Chapters 6
Introduction to the Case of Stan 9
Introduction to the Case of Gwen 13

2 The Counselor: Person and
Professional 17

introduction 18
The Counselor as a Therapeutic Person 18
Personal Therapy for the Counselor 20
The Counselor?s Values and the Therapeutic Process 22
Becoming an Effective Multicultural Counselor 25
Issues Faced by Beginning Therapists 28
Summary 35

3 Ethical Issues in?Counseling
Practice 37

introduction 38
Putting Clients? Needs Before Your Own 38
Ethical Decision Making 39
The Right of Informed Consent 41
Dimensions of Confidentiality 42
Ethical Issues From a Multicultural Perspective 43
Ethical Issues in the Assessment Process 45
Ethical Aspects of Evidence-Based Practice 48
Managing Multiple Relationships in Counseling
Practice 49
Becoming an Ethical Counselor 52
Summary 53

Where to Go From Here 53
Recommended Supplementary Readings for
Part 1 54

P A R T 2

THEORIES AND TECHNIQUES
OF COUNSELING

4 Psychoanalytic Therapy 57
introduction 58
Key Concepts 59
The Therapeutic Process 66
Application: Therapeutic Techniques and
Procedures 72
Jung?s Perspective on the Development of
Personality 77
Contemporary Trends: Object-Relations
Theory, Self Psychology, and Relational
Psychoanalysis 79
Psychoanalytic Therapy From a Multicultural
Perspective 84
Psychoanalytic Therapy applied to the case of
stan 85
Psychoanalytic Therapy applied to the case of
gwen 87
Summary and Evaluation 89
Self-Reflection and Discussion Questions 92
Where to Go From Here 92
Recommended Supplementary Readings 93

5 Adlerian Therapy 95
introduction 98
Key Concepts 98
The Therapeutic Process 104
Application: Therapeutic Techniques and
Procedures 108
Adlerian Therapy From a Multicultural
Perspective 119
adlerian Therapy applied to the case of stan 121
adlerian Therapy applied to the case of gwen 122

Contents

vii

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viii C o n t e n t s

Summary and Evaluation 124
Self-Reflection and Discussion Questions 126
Where to Go From Here 127
Recommended Supplementary Readings 128

6 Existential Therapy 129
introduction 132
Key Concepts 137
The Therapeutic Process 146
Application: Therapeutic Techniques and
Procedures 149
Existential Therapy From a Multicultural
Perspective 153
existential Therapy applied to the case
of stan 155
existential Therapy applied to the case
of gwen 156
Summary and Evaluation 157
Self-Reflection and Discussion Questions 160
Where to Go From Here 160
Recommended Supplementary Readings 162

7 Person-Centered Therapy 163
introduction 165
Key Concepts 170
The Therapeutic Process 171
Application: Therapeutic Techniques and
Procedures 176
Person-Centered Expressive Arts
Therapy 180
Motivational Interviewing 182
Person-Centered Therapy From a Multicultural
Perspective 184
Person-centered Therapy applied to the case
of stan 186
Person-centered Therapy applied to the case
of gwen 187
Summary and Evaluation 190
Self-Reflection and Discussion Questions 193
Where to Go From Here 193
Recommended Supplementary Readings 195

8 Gestalt Therapy 197
introduction 199
Key Concepts 200
The Therapeutic Process 206

Application: Therapeutic Techniques and
Procedures 211
Gestalt Therapy From a Multicultural
Perspective 220
gestalt Therapy applied to the case of stan 221
gestalt Therapy applied to the case of gwen 223
Summary and Evaluation 224
Self-Reflection and Discussion Questions 227
Where to Go From Here 227
Recommended Supplementary Readings 229

9 Behavior Therapy 231
introduction 233
Key Concepts 236
The Therapeutic Process 238
Application: Therapeutic Techniques and
Procedures 240
Behavior Therapy From a Multicultural
Perspective 258
behavior Therapy applied to the case of stan 259
behavior Therapy applied to the case of gwen 260
Summary and Evaluation 262
Self-Reflection and Discussion Questions 265
Where to Go From Here 266
Recommended Supplementary Readings 267

10 Cognitive Behavior Therapy 269
introduction 270
Albert Ellis?s Rational Emotive Behavior
Therapy 270
Key Concepts 272
The Therapeutic Process 273
Application: Therapeutic Techniques and
Procedures 275
Aaron Beck?s Cognitive Therapy 281
Christine Padesky and Kathleen Mooney?s
Strengths-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy 289
Donald Meichenbaum?s Cognitive Behavior
Modification 293
Cognitive Behavior Therapy From a Multicultural
Perspective 298
cognitive behavior Therapy applied to the case
of stan 300
cognitive behavior Therapy applied to the case
of gwen 302
Summary and Evaluation 303

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C o n t e n t s ix

Self-Reflection and Discussion Questions 307
Where to Go From Here 308
Recommended Supplementary Readings 310

11 Choice Theory/Reality
Therapy 311

introduction 313
Key Concepts 314
The Therapeutic Process 318
Application: Therapeutic Techniques and
Procedures 320
Choice Theory/Reality Therapy From a Multicultural
Perspective 327
reality Therapy applied to the case of stan 329
reality Therapy applied to the case of gwen 331
Summary and Evaluation 332
Self-Reflection and Discussion Questions 334
Where to Go From Here 334
Recommended Supplementary Readings 336

12 Feminist Therapy 337
introduction 339
Key Concepts 341
The Therapeutic Process 345
Application: Therapeutic Techniques and
Procedures 348
Feminist Therapy From a Multicultural
and Social Justice Perspective 354
feminist Therapy applied to the case of stan 355
feminist Therapy applied to the case of gwen 357
Summary and Evaluation 360
Self-Reflection and Discussion Questions 364
Where to Go From Here 364
Recommended Supplementary Readings 366

13 Postmodern Approaches 367
Some Contemporary Founders of Postmodern
Therapies 368
Introduction to Social Constructionism 368
Solution-Focused Brief Therapy 371
Narrative Therapy 382
Postmodern Approaches From a Multicultural
Perspective 390
Postmodern approaches applied to the case
of stan 392

Postmodern approaches applied to the case of
gwen 394
Summary and Evaluation 396
Self-Reflection and Discussion Questions 398
Where to Go From Here 399
Recommended Supplementary Readings 400

14 Family Systems Therapy 403
introduction 404
Development of Family Systems Therapy 406
A Multilayered Process of Family Therapy 409
Family Systems Therapy From a Multicultural
Perspective 415
family Therapy applied to the case of stan 417
family Therapy applied to the case of gwen 420
Summary and Evaluation 422
Self-Reflection and Discussion Questions 424
Where to Go From Here 424
Recommended Supplementary Readings 425

P A R T 3

INTEGRATION AND APPLICATION

15 An Integrative Perspective 427
introduction 428
The Movement Toward Psychotherapy
Integration 428
Issues Related to the Therapeutic Process 437
The Place of Techniques and Evaluation in
Counseling 443
an integrative approach applied to the case
of stan 452
an integrative approach applied to the case
of gwen 455
Summary 456
Concluding Comments 457
Self-Reflection and Discussion Questions 458
Where to Go From Here 458
Recommended Supplementary Readings 459

references and suggested readings 461

name index 481

subject index 485

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Preface to Tenth Edition

T his book is intended for counseling courses for undergraduate and graduate students in psychology, counselor education, human services, and the mental
health professions. It surveys the major concepts and practices of the contemporary
therapeutic systems and addresses some ethical and professional issues in counsel-
ing practice. The book aims to teach students to select wisely from various theories
and techniques and to begin to develop a personal style of counseling.

I have found that students appreciate an overview of the divergent contempo-
rary approaches to counseling and psychotherapy. They also consistently say that
the first course in counseling means more to them when it deals with them person-
ally. Therefore, I stress the practical applications of the material and encourage per-
sonal reflection. Using this book can be both a personal and an academic learning
experience.

In this tenth edition, every effort has been made to retain the major qualities
that students and professors have found useful in the previous editions: the succinct
overview of the key concepts of each theory and their implications for practice, the
straightforward and personal style, and the book?s comprehensive scope. Care has
been taken to present the theories in an accurate and fair way. I have attempted to
be simple, clear, and concise. Because many students want suggestions for supple-
mentary reading as they study each therapy approach, I have included an updated
reading list at the end of each chapter and a list of references for each chapter at the
end of the book.

This tenth edition updates the material and refines existing discussions. Part 1
deals with issues that are basic to the practice of counseling and psychotherapy.
Chapter 1 puts the book into perspective, then students are introduced to the
counselor?as a person and a professional?in Chapter 2. This chapter addresses a
number of topics pertaining to the role of the counselor as a person and the ther-
apeutic relationship. Chapter 3 introduces students to some key ethical issues in
counseling practice, and several of the topics in this chapter have been updated and
expanded. Expanded coverage is given to the ACA?s 2014 Code of Ethics.

Part 2 is devoted to a consideration of 11 theories of counseling. Each of the
theory chapters follows a common organizational pattern, and students can easily
compare and contrast the various models. This pattern includes core topics such as
key concepts, the therapeutic process, therapeutic techniques and procedures, mul-
ticultural perspectives, the theory applied to the case of Stan and new to this edition
to the case of Gwen, and summary and evaluation. In this tenth edition, each of the
chapters in Part 2 has been revised, updated, and expanded to reflect recent trends,
and references have been updated as well. Revisions were based on the recommenda-
tions of experts in each theory, all of whom are listed in the Acknowledgments sec-
tion. Attention was given to current trends and recent developments in the practice
of each theoretical approach.

xi

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