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Review the ?Marketing Excellence: case study uploaded. Discuss why Amazon has succeeded when so many other companies have failed. Reflect on what you think is next for Amazon.

Your journal entry must be at least 250 words in length. No references or citations are necessary.

Marketing Excellence

Founded by Jeff Bezos in 1995, started as the ?world?s largest bookstore? and, ironically,

owned no books. Bezos promised to revolutionize retailing, however, and over the years he has blazed a

trail of e-commerce innovations that many executives have studied and companies have followed.

Amazon initially set out to create personalized storefronts for each customer by providing more useful

information and more choices than found in a neighborhood bookstore. Readers could review books

and evaluate them on a one- to five-star rating scale, while fellow browsers could rate the reviews for

helpfulness. The company?s personal recommendation service aggregated buying-pattern data to infer

who might like which book. Amazon also introduced its revolutionary one-click shopping, which allowed

buyers to make purchases effortlessly with a single click.

Amazon started to diversify its product line in the late 1990s, first with DVDs and videos and then with

consumer electronics, games, toys, software, video games, and gifts. The company continued to expand

its product offerings and in 2007 launched Amazon Video On Demand, allowing consumers to rent or

purchase films and television shows to watch on their computers or televisions. Later that year, it

introduced Amazon MP3, which competed directly with Apple?s iTunes and had participation from all

the major music labels.

Amazon?s most successful product launch was the Kindle, its branded electronic book reader that

delivered hundreds of thousands of books, magazines, blogs, and newspapers in a matter of seconds. As

thin as a magazine and light as a paperback, the device has been the company?s best-selling product

since 2009. Today, you can find virtually anything you want on The company has

successfully established itself as the biggest online retailer in the world by enabling merchants of all

kinds to sell items on the site.

In addition to its core business, Amazon also runs an ?Associates? program that allows independent

sellers and businesses to receive commissions for referring customers to the site in a variety of ways,

including direct links and banner ads as well as Amazon Widgets, mini-applications that feature the

company?s wide selection of products. Associates can create an Amazon-operated online store easily,

with low risk and no additional cost or programming knowledge. Fulfillment by Amazon (FBA) takes care

of picking, packing, and shipping the merchant?s products to its customers.

One consistent key to Amazon?s success is its willingness to invest in the latest technology to make

shopping online faster, easier, and more personally rewarding for its customers and third-party

merchants. During peak season in 2012, the company sold approximately 306 items per second, or 26

million items per day. Small wonder that it continually looks for ways to improve delivery. For a $99

annual fee, Amazon Prime provides unlimited free express shipping for millions of items. While free

shipping and price cuts are sometimes unpopular with investors, Bezos believes they build customer

satisfaction, loyalty, and frequency of purchase orders.

In 2013, announced a partnership with the U.S. Postal Service to begin delivering orders on

Sundays. Bezos also predicted on 60 Minutes that the company may use drones in the near future to

make same-day delivery of lightweight products within short distances of distribution warehouses.

(Critics find this unlikely for many reasons, though.)

Amazon has also maintained competitive and low prices throughout its product expansion. The

company understands how important it is to keep its prices low in order to drive the volume it needs to

remain a market leader and expand geographically. Amazon?s practice of selling books at heavily

discounted prices, however, has upset some of its channel partners in publishing, as have its attempts to

become a publisher in its own right.

From the beginning, Bezos has said that even though he started an online bookstore, he eventually

wanted to sell everything to everyone through The company continues to invest

significantly in technology, is focused on the long term, and has successfully positioned itself as a

technology company with its wide range of Amazon Web Services. This growing collection of

infrastructure applications meets the retailing needs of companies of virtually all sizes. Amazon has

successfully reinvented itself time and again and created a critical channel for merchants around the

world who are able to reach more than 244 million customers worldwide.

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