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Running head: ABBREVIATED TITLE HERE IN ALL CAPS (Note: include the words 1 Running head: on the first page only as shown.)


Insert the Title of Your Paper Here on the Upper Half of Title Page

Insert Your Name Here

National University

Insert due date of paper here


The abstract provides a brief, comprehensive summary of the paper. Abstracts should not exceed 120 words, unless otherwise stated, and should note the major ideas of the paper. The abstract appears on a page by itself, (page 2), with title Abstract, as shown above, centered on the first line of the page and is not bolded. Unlike all other paragraphs in the research paper, it is not indented. The Abstract should be one long paragraph with no indentations.

Insert the Title of Your Paper Here Again (centered, exactly as on title page, bolded)

These instructions are based on APA 7th ed. Begin the first paragraph of the body of your paper here (indented). Introduce your reader to your topic and why you are writing about it. The introduction does not need the heading Introduction to label it due to its location in the paper. When writing a research paper, you should strive to write in the third person. Avoid using words like I, or this researcher will. Relative to formatting, APA dictates that there are now two spaces after punctuation marks at the end of sentences. All text in your paper from beginning to end, including the References page, should be double-spaced. Set your margins to one inch all around.

Beginning on your title page, double click in the header to place an abbreviated title of your paper in all capital letters. This is called the Running head and should be flush left with the margin. Then using the page insert function, insert your page numbers starting page 1 on the title page, located at the upper right margin. Your page numbers will automatically fall in proper order.

Insert a New Major Heading Here (bolded)

This is where you will continue the body of your paper, citing some background or history on the subject you have chosen for your paper. Titles that are centered and bolded are called Level I Headings. You will most likely need to use subheadings like the one below, to indicate that you are changing the focus of your discussion. It is not APA compliant to underline headings, or any other text for that matter, so do not underline any text anywhere. Also, do not use any colors anywhere in your paper, just plain black and white. Some templates use colors and blocks around page numbers. This is not APA compliant.

Level Two Heading (subheading)

As above, subheadings are left justified (not indented) and they need to be in upper and lower case letters and bolded. Do not underline headings. Each main word is capitalized. Throughout your entire paper use 12-point font, either Times New Roman or Arial only (although others might be easy to read or look pretty, nothing else is acceptable). Make sure your entire paper is left justified (align text left), not center justified (center text). Center justified text stretches text out evenly across the page, but is not APA compliant.

In Text Citations

In-text citations are required in your paper and must be APA compliant relative to formatting. If you are not familiar with how to format in-text citations, refer to your APA Publication Manual to appropriately cite references in your text. Do not use URL’s as in-text citations. URL’s should only be used in your References page to indicate where you retrieved information.


Conclude your paper by briefly summarizing what you have already said throughout your paper. This is where it would be appropriate to cite your opinions or to talk about what you learned about the topic you have researched and written about. The References page should be on a page by itself. What that means, is regardless of where your Conclusion ends, always start your References page on a new page, and type the word References, centered, not bolded, on the very first line. Do not use the words Resources, Reference (singular), Works Cited, etc. Use References.


American Psychological Association. (2009). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

Cohen, L., Chávez, V., & Chehimi, S. (2007). Prevention is primary: Strategies for community well-being. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Schneiderman, N., Speers, M. A., Silva, J. M., Tomes, H., & Gentry, J. H. (Eds.). (2001). Integrating behavioral and social sciences with public health. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

NOTE: Your reference page is always last and begins on a new separate page like this. The title is just as you see it above. The following applies:

· All references are double spaced like the rest of your paper with the first line flush left with the margin and all lines after the first line (of each individual reference) is indented as above. This is also referred to as a hanging indent.

· There are specific components for each of the various types of references used, (books, journals, magazines, websites, etc.) depending on the type of reference you are listing. Check the APA Publication Manual to make sure you include all the appropriate components for your references. Review the proper use of italics as demonstrated on the examples above.

· All references must be alphabetized A to Z, regardless of type of reference. See your APA Publication Manual for examples.

· If you cite a reference in the body of the text of your paper, the reference must be listed on this page and vice versa. If you have a reference listed here, make sure you have cited it in your paper somewhere.

Week One: Written Assignment

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Advantages and Limitations of the U.S. Health Care Delivery System (CLO 1, 3, 7)

No country in the world has a perfectly balanced health care delivery system. Certain aspects of a healthcare system may be advantageous to some stakeholders, while presenting inefficiencies or challenges to other groups. The United States has a unique system of healthcare delivery, with loosely coordinated subsystems that encompass public and private payers and multitudes of providers. Without a central governing body, the U.S. health care system is shaped by many different stakeholder interests.

For this assignment, identify three advantages of the U.S. health care delivery system, and three limitations. Next, consider those who are affected by these advantages and limitations, and analyze the implications of each with regard to:

1. Healthcare costs

2. Addressing disparities in access to healthcare

3. Achieving reliable quality of healthcare

4. For each advantage that you identified, who are the individuals or groups that benefit?

5. For each limitation you described, how does the limitation drive the need for change or reform to the health care system?

Provide your analysis in 2-3 pages, double spaced (not including cover sheet, abstract, or references), and provide at least three (3) scholarly references to support your assessment (including the textbook). Apply APA format for all your formatting, citations, and references, unless otherwise indicated. All papers should include:

· Title page;

· Abstract; 

· Use of Level I and II headings (if applicable);

· Introduction section;

· Conclusion section;

· In-text citations;

· References page

Please use the sample APA paper template (with instructions) (provided below) for all paper assignments:

APA paper template – Word Document

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