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Kindly help complete the attached assignment questions and responses

QUESTIONS & RESPONSES

1. In 200 words- Discuss the physical changes that take place in middle adulthood, and explain how these detriments may be offset.

2. In 200 words- What is your view of middle adulthood now vs. what it was when you were a child (or just younger)?

3. Please respond with at least 3 things you learned from the video lecture below.

https://youtu.be/kWBgfT52Fx0

(100 words)

Assessment Description

Review the vignettes in the document attached below. Select one vignette and identify at least two examples of fallacies that we have discussed in class. Record the fallacious quotes from the vignette and explain what type of fallacy you believe they are. For follow-up discussion (participation posts this week), decide whether or not you agree or disagree with your classmates and explain why. Your responses should be based on the fallacy only, not the content of the selected vignette.


QUESTION:
Based on the above assignment question. I need you to help me respond to each of the following peers’ post in 100 words each

4.
Lauren Sanden (100 words)

Vignette Chosen: 1

First Statement: “Julia proclaimed the product was not useful. I have not had a chance to try it out, but

if Julia believes it is useless, there is no need to give it a try.”

Fallacy: Appeal to Authority

Reason: The author is using the belief that just because this famous actress is saying it has no real use, then it must be useless after all. Appeal to authority is a fallacy that. uses famous people or a person with expertise in the field to be the sole validation to why the statement is true, when in fact it may not be.

Second Statement: “Furthermore, on the day the product was delivered, I was late to work. If the delivery of the product had taken

place while I was at work, I would not have been late.”

Fallacy: Slippery Slope

Reason: I believe the author is using this particular fallacy because they are blaming the package being late on them being late for work. When in fact the company would have little to do with the package’s actual arrival time. they are just blaming an event that happened that took that caused a greater issue. The packages arrival is not proof as to why they might have been late. There is so much that could have happened that the person could have been late from but instead they are directing the problem off of the small event before they left for work.

5.
Leslee Hurtado (100 words)

Vignette Chosen: 3

First Statement: If I do not get a cellphone, no one will be my friend. I will be friendless for the rest of my life!”

Fallacy: Slippery Slope

Rationale: Sally thinks that since she does not have a cellphone, while all of her friends do, that she will not have friends. She claims something extreme without any facts or evidence.  

Second Statement: “All my friends have their own cellphone, so I should too!” 

Fallacy: Bandwagon Appeal

Rationale: When Sally’s mom rejects her proposal for a cellphone, she justifies her asking since all of her friends have a cellphone. The statement is a bandwagon appeal since she thinks because something is popular, that she must have it. 

6.
Sarah Fairbanks (100 words)

The first one I chose was the complaint where the buyer bought something and then wanted a refund before he got a chance to try it out because they see that Julia Roberts tried it and did not like it so it much not be a good product that is called appeal to authority.

The second one I had chosen was the mom saying to not get their children vaccinated because she had gotten her two boys vaccinated and her children ended up with autism, I think this one is the slippery slope fallacy because she is trying to convince others not to do something because something happened to her kids, so it is bound to happen to others

I chose a third one to write on and it was the lady in the interview she says she is the best candidate for the job because she has had the job for three years and she had one person say that she is good so since that one person thought she was good the rest of the team thought so too even though nobody else said anything I think that is the composition fallacy

My last one that I had chosen is the education about a school being in the spot and opened for lots of years and nothing has changed since its doors were open so that is the appeal to tradition.

7.
Shantel Spiker (100 words)

Vignette Chosen: 1

First Statement: “I have not had a chance to try it out, but if Julia believes it is useless, there is no need to give it a try.”

Fallacy: Appeal to Authority

Rationale: The above statement is an appeal to authority fallacy. The writer is trying to say that because Julia Roberts said in an interview that she did not like this product, so the writer is saying it does not work. If Julia says it does not work because she is a famous actress, then the product does not work.

Second Statement: “Furthermore, on the day the product was delivered, I was late to work. If the delivery of the product had taken place while I was at work, I would not have been late.”

Fallacy: Slippery Slope

Rationale: The above statement is a slippery slope fallacy. The writer is trying to say that because of the product he was late for work. He is not taking fault for his own actions and lack of good time management. He is blaming being late for work on the package delivery time’s fault. 

8. I need response for this one in 120 words

Learners,

My thoughts this week reflect my own experience blessing our son this weekend with Holy Baptism. It was a joyous time with family and we couldn’t be more proud. But it was a journey to get here. I know that my previous prayers have reflected on life admist pandemic because so many aspects of our lives have changed. We can all agree on that I believe. In any case, this weekend was the first time in a few months that my extended family was together for an event. The last time was in November, but I wasn’t there for a family wedding as I was just days away from giving birth. Before that it was August and that was outdoors at a wedding shower. It was a very different feel than today, in a church, in this quiet setting coming after a long holiday/post holiday season of getting through most of winter, a harsh wave of the pandemic, and more. Everyone has had some type of hardship. Today was joyous for us, but it was a day that I thought about it some many aspects – how do we celebrate, who should be there, how should the whole day be safe, do we have a celebration at a restaurant afterwards, do I do party “favors,” etc. There were so many questions, and then my husband and I realized or took the time to THINK – the main point is church. The point is to see everyone and for them to see our child, some of which would be seeing him for the first time ever. We focused on what was most important. We settled with that because of the pandemic since most wouldn’t be comfortable with 40+ person party out. We walked into the church, and everyone had gotten there before us. It was amazing to see them all at once. Immediately my husband says – I wish we were having a celebration after. (Truth is that we did, but just with godparents. So, 8 of us not 50). In any case, I made sure that today felt and was a celebration during ceremony and after. But the point is that we tried to size down or change what we would normally do for a celebration, and accepted that. But as soon as we saw everyone, we felt we could see a “redo” or second gathering to make up for time we lost today (since there was not after celebration) in the near future. We still desire that. We can’t get away from it. But at the same time it was good to just do the church and focus on something little so as to appreciate it even more.

How does this relate to YOU? To an event or something in your life where you have had to change the way you would normally do something? How did you accept and what surprised you about your acceptance?

I left today feeling fulfilled but wanting more. And I think that’s okay. To recognize what small things we can do with those we love but also recognize that in wanting more we just value who they are (and our time with them) that much more.

PHI-104 Topic 4

Directions reminder:

Review the vignettes below. Select one vignette and identify at least two examples of fallacies that we have discussed in class. Record the fallacious quotes from the vignette and explain what type of fallacy you believe they are. Please choose a vignette that has not been used multiple times already.

Here is an example:


DQ 1 Student Example Response

Vignette Chosen: 22

First Statement: “Even Dr. Oz says that he recommends the product, therefore it must be effective.”

Fallacy: Appeal to Authority

Rationale: The above statement is an appeal to authority fallacy because they are arguing that because celebrities or people who may seem to have authority or admiration have this opinion about a particular product/medication then it is something that must be true/must be adhered to. They must know better than us and/or scientific data.

———————————————————————————————-

Second Statement: This then will be the second statement you find in that vignette that has a fallacy within. Note: there are at least two fallacies in every vignette.

Fallacy: …

Rationale: …..

For follow-up discussion (participation posts this week), decide whether or not you agree or disagree with your classmates and explain why. Your responses should be based on the fallacy only, not the content of the selected vignette.

*SCROLL down for vignette options.


Topic 4 DQ 1 Fallacy Vignettes

1

Letter of Complaint

To Whom it may Concern:

Hello, I hope your day is going well. My name is Sam Sammons. I am writing in complaint of the new product I recently purchased through your company. I was excited to give it a try when I first ordered it. That said, I no longer want the product and request a refund. I watched an interview with Julia Roberts on TV the other day. Julia proclaimed the product was not useful. I have not had a chance to try it out, but if Julia believes it is useless, there is no need to give it a try. Furthermore, on the day the product was delivered, I was late to work. If the delivery of the product had taken place while I was at work, I would not have been late. I ought to be refunded my money on the product as well as provided an opportunity to sample a different product you have available due to being late to work on the day the product was delivered.

~ Sam Sammons

2

Food Blog

Italy Oh Italy! Daisy’s Restaurant Review

I have been anxiously awaiting the opening night of Italy Oh Italy the Italian restaurant recently built on the corner of Main St. and Washington Ave. The restaurant should be the best in town because two top class Italian cuisine chefs teamed up with a Michelin star restaurant manager.

The food was delicious but surprisingly, the atmosphere was tense during the soft opening. While dining, we overheard the two chefs arguing over the recipe for their marinara sauce. “The sauce must be made this way as this is how the sauce has always been made in Northern Italy,” Chef A shouted. Chef B rebutted, “Well, the old way is not enough to make a proper statement. It needs a bit of a twist. The sauce needs to have the extra ingredient added.”

Both this restaurant and its menu will be finalized and ready to go by opening night or it will be a complete failure. I hope they work it out.

3

Conversation

The following conversation occurred between Sally, a precocious fifth grader, and her mom:

Sally walked into the living room where her mom was reading a newspaper. “Mom, I really need a cellphone,” Sally said. Sally’s mom looked up from reading the newspaper and said, “You are not getting a cellphone. You are too young to have one.” “But, Mom,” Sally whined, “all my friends have their own cellphone, so I should too!” Her mom shook her head and said “No way! I grew up without a cellphone and so did your dad. That is the way it is going to be in this household.” Sally looked at her mom and said, “If I do not get a cellphone, no one will be my friend. I will be friendless for the rest of my life!” Sally’s mom told her that she will still be able to make friends, gave her a hug, and then told her to go outside and play.

4

Parenting Blog

Mom-to-Mom: Don’t Support Mandated Vaccinations!

 

Parents, I am here to encourage you not to support a government mandated vaccination schedule. I am a mother of two boys. Both of my children were vaccinated according to the American Pediatric Associations vaccination schedule. Both of my children have now been diagnosed with autism. There is clearly a direct link. After the second autism diagnosis, I started researching this topic further and found loads of similar examples. There are even reputable and published celebrities who have confirmed the current vaccination schedule is not safe for our children. In fact, there are too many parents with concerns about vaccine safety for the government to mandate it. If the government mandates vaccines for our children, where does it stop? Please speak out before this leads to the government taking over our parental rights!

5

Job Interview

The following is an interview between Jane, an employee at ABC Company, and its VP of Human Resources:

VP: Hi, Jane, tell me a little about yourself.

Jane: Well, I have worked at ABC Company for the past 5 years, and for the last 3 years, been a lead supervisor. I am working towards my undergraduate degree in business administration.

VP: Why do you think you are qualified for the Senior Production Manager position?

Jane: I have been Lead supervisor for the past 3 years, and no one has ever told me that I was doing a bad job.

VP: Are there any other reasons as to why you are the best candidate for this job?

Jane: Yes! I am the best person for the job because I am the best candidate.

VP (sighs): How would your coworkers rate you as a leader?

Jane: Well, one of my coworkers told me they like having me as a lead supervisor, so all my coworkers would say the same thing.

VP: Jane, we are looking for some who is well qualified in the position, and has the ability to be a leader for the shift production employees. Can you please identify concrete examples of why you should be considered for this position?

Jane: I think I should be considered for this position because during my time as Lead Supervisor, I have implemented several initiatives that helped reduce overhead by 10%, while maintain productivity levels. Additionally, my department has been given the “best service” award for the last four quarters. I mentored several employees who have gone on to become lead supervisors for other departments in the company.

6

Education

Effective Public School

The first public school opened its doors in Boston Massachusetts in 1635. There has been many changes to society since the creation of the public school system. While society continues to change the policies and practices of public schools should remain the same to provide the consistency that has always been available in education.

I have been studying the history of education and its effectiveness over time. After examining all of the evidence, I have found that the research does not disprove that maintaining the consistency in teaching strategies and school policies is ineffective. Therefore, new policies and teaching strategies should be avoided to maintain the way students have always been educated.

7

Relationship

Blog

Friends are Joy

Relationships are defined as a connection, association, or involvement with other individuals. Some relationships are very successful while others are not. It is important to foster positive relationships with our colleagues, neighbors, and people with whom we connect daily. Having relationships, with people in our communities, allows us to feel connected and promotes a sense of belonging. Everyone has a group of close, personal friends who help them during times when life feels tough. These friends are essential to maintaining a state of joy. These friends can make us laugh until we cry. Therefore, we are only happy when we are with them. These types of deep friendships are essential in our overall state of joy and provide us with our only sense of happiness.

8

Advertisement in a Blog

Cleaning with Megan! The All-Natural Cleaning Blog for Moms

Let me just take a moment and share my newest obsession! I am a huge proponent of the all new “Spic and Span” all-surface cleaner. It is the best cleaner on the market because the chemical makeup of the origins of this amazing product yields high acetic acids and H2 O2, without phthalates, triclosan, ammonia, chlorine and sodium hydroxide.

I know personally that with being a new mom, I am only interested in all-natural cleaning products, such as the one mentioned above. And I just know that all you “new” mom readers understand and feel the exact same way as I do because you have little ones to care for! #advertisment #spicandspancleaning

9

Military Recruitment

Military Recruitment Interview/Conversation

Potential Military Member: What are some of the benefits of joining the military?

Military Recruiter: If you do not choose a full 20-year career in the military there are many other perks. For example, soldiers who complete their time in the military have a high job placement in their area of interest. Therefore, you should have no problem getting excellent job placement immediately after you serve your 4 years with us in the career of your choice.

Potential Military Member: Well this is good news. I know that I am either going to be the most skilled tank mechanic when I leave the military, or I will be doomed for my future career and the opportunities will be non-existent.

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