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Researcher Skills

Your Name here

College of Doctoral Studies, Grand Canyon University

RES820A: The Literature Landscape: Organizational Leadership

Dr. Davis

Assignment Due Date

Researcher Skills

This is the introduction. It should capture the reader’s interest and introduce the topic about to be discussed and it should be SUPPORTED BY ACADEMIC RESEARCH with in-text citations. This is your opportunity to add creativity and your own unique style to the paper. Although I am using “you” and “I” right now,
“One” is not much better, either.
Avoid using first person language
. Some authors do it, so you will see it in academic journals, but at this stage of the game, practice writing in the third person. When you have mastered academic writing in the third person (after your dissertation), or if future professors tell you it’s acceptable, then you can use first person until then avoid first person writing at all costs!

You SHOULD NOT introduce the articles by title, author, etc. Instead, you should present your ideas with support from the articles. You should not include a separate section for the synthesis rather the synthesis should occur throughout. Also, each time you cite the authors, you must include the year of publication. For works with 1-2 authors, cite each author’s name on each citation. For works for 3+ authors, cite the first author’s last name followed by et al. from the first citation.

Do not quote the assignment directions or include a separate section for the synthesis. In fact, do not mention the assignment directions OR EVEN THE WORD SYNTHESIS.
Synthesis is something which should occur throughout your paper not in a particular location. The skills that you learned in RES-815 to established themes will be used in writing this paper.. Pretend that you are presenting your analysis of these three articles for a conference of academic peers, and write for that audience. You should assume that your reader has never read the articles and has no background knowledge. Provide enough information that despite no prior knowledge the reader will be informed based upon your writing.

You need to include both a purpose and thesis statement within your paper. NO, THEY ARE NOT THE SAME THING. A purpose statement sets the actual purpose of the paper. In more basic terms it is where you literally say – The purpose of this paper is XYZ. It sets the intention and gives the overall idea of the topic(s) that will be covered. It is a declarative statement and provides guidance to what will be presented. A thesis statement is a SINGLE sentence at the END of the introduction section. It should be the very last sentence of the section. A thesis statement should forecast the contents of the paper to the reader while being precise about the topic and predicting how it will be developed. Remember the thesis statement should “telegraph” what the reader should expect to see in your paper BUT that takes a position that will be “proven” within the paper.

Theme You Have Identified

DO NOT use Theme 1 as your header – use a 2-4 word header that identifies your theme. You will do the same thing with themes 2 and 3. The synthesis paper should include three common themes identified by a header and addressed within that particular section and a conclusion that will present overall message of the group of articles. Please note that section headings are centered, in bold face, and are in Title Case. The three body sections will be followed by your conclusion. Please remember that your conclusion should not discuss the conclusions of the studies but rather the overall message of the three articles if they are taken together as a single entity.

In this section, discuss the first theme that you have identified as common amongst the three articles. You must include evidence (in-text citations) from EACH of the articles to show that this theme was present in ALL THREE OF THE ARTICLES. While this is a shorter paragraph, your paragraphs should be between 90-150 words.

Your Second Theme Here

This section should include your second identified theme. Again, note that headings are centered, bold face, and are in Title Case as they are Level 1 headings. You must include evidence (in-text citations) from EACH of the articles to show that this theme was present in ALL THREE OF THE ARTICLES.

You will need to support your contention of the common theme by presenting evidence from the articles. This evidence from the text should be cited using the author’s name and year of publication rather than using the title of the article or referring to the articles as Article 1, Article 2, and Article 3. This is especially the case when we are presenting specific information e.g. research questions, sample, outcomes etc. from multiple sources. Imagine discussing 5, 10, 15 articles at once in a paper and referring to each by number. Further, situating the authors firmly within sentences and throughout your discussion addresses academic integrity.

Your Third Theme Here

This section should include your second identified theme. Again, note that headings are centered, bold face, and are in Title Case. Just as in the prior section, make sure that you introduce the contents of this section prior to jumping into your narrative. You must include evidence (in-text citations) from EACH of the articles to show that this theme was present in ALL THREE OF THE ARTICLES.

You need to develop these sections thoroughly. While in this template only includes one to two paragraphs for each of the sections, which would not necessarily constitute a thorough presentation within your paper. Remember, you need to assume your reader has not read this articles.


What are your conclusions after comparing these three articles? What commonalities or differences were most striking or meaningful? If you consider all three articles to be a single entity, what conclusions can you draw from their combined research? What is the overall message of the articles, and why is that important?

The conclusion should relate back to your introduction and provide your reader with a concise and reflective summary of your analysis. The conclusion should be at MINIMUM 2-3 paragraphs. While this assignment has a word count in the directions of 1,000 – 1,250 words, one must ask themselves if what has been present represents a thorough presentation of the articles. However, I would challenge you to keep your paper under 2, 000 words. This is a great time to work on being more clear and concise.


Klocko, B. A., Marshal, S. M., & Davidson, J. F. (2015). Developing practioner-scholar doctoral candidates as critical writers. Journal of Higher Education Theory and Practice, 15(4). 21-31.

Lee, H., Chang, H., & Bryan, L. (2020). Doctoral students’ learning success in online-based

leadership programs: Intersection with technological and relational factors. International

Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 21(1), 61-81.

Lindsay, S. (2015). What works for doctoral students in completing their thesis? Teaching in Higher Education, 20(2). 183-196.

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