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APA format

1) Minimum  5 full pages (No word count per page)- Follow the 3 x 3 rule: minimum three paragraphs per page

2)¨******APA norms

         All paragraphs must be narrative and cited in the text- each paragraph

         Bulleted responses are not accepted

         Don’t write in the first person 

         Don’t copy and paste the questions.

         Answer the question objectively, do not make introductions to your answers, answer it when you start the paragraph

3)****************************** It will be verified by Turnitin (Identify the percentage of exact match of writing with any other resource on the internet and academic sources, including universities and data banks) 

********************************It will be verified by SafeAssign (Identify the percentage of similarity of writing with any other resource on the internet and academic sources, including universities and data banks)

4) Minimum 5 references (APA format) per part not older than 5 years  (Journals, books) (No websites)

All references must be consistent with the topic-purpose-focus of the parts. Different references are not allowed.

5) Identify your answer with the numbers, according to the question. Start your answer on the same line, not the next

Example:

Q 1. Nursing is XXXXX

Q 2. Health is XXXX

_________________________________________________________________________________

It is a project that intends to be offered to a health institution for possible implementation (Hypothetically)

Topic: Smart inhalers for COPD patients in the home

Continuing with the project designed in File 1 (attached) continue with the following questions.

1. Financial Proposal analysis 

2. Alternative plan of actions

3. Proposed project plan to include:

a. Project activities

b. Timeline

c. Budget

d. Evaluation Plan

4. Executive Summary at end of project 

6

Project Proposal: Smart Inhalers for COPD Patients

COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) tends to be a chronic inflammatory lung complication that causes an obstruction of the airflow from the lungs. Some of the major symptoms of this health condition comprise difficulty in breathing, coughing, wheezing as well as production of mucus. Majorly this health condition is often caused by extensive exposure to particulate matter or irritating gases such as cigarette smoke. Particularly, individuals suffering from COPD tend to be at a higher risk of developing lung cancer, heart-related diseases, and other related conditions (Ding et al., 2019).

With the introduction of new and advanced technology, the health care sector has introduced technological devices which aid in promoting positive health care outcomes. The proposed project will focus on how the smart inhaler, a technological device, may contribute to monitoring and recording data regarding the utilization of the inhaler as well as the location of the patient.

Smart Inhalers for COPD Patients

Smart Inhalers

The smart inhaler is a technological device that integrates Bluetooth technology to record data regarding the time as well as the date the inhaler was used, and also it identifies the location of the patient in every use. This will ensure the health care providers are able to keep an effective track of the patient. COPD tends to impact more than 200 million individuals across the globe, with chronic respiratory disease making up approximately 8% of the globe’s chronic burden (Park, 2017).

To be able to able to mitigate the clinical severity of the health condition, individuals suffering from COPD need to strictly adhere to medication schedules to be in a position to attain control of their symptoms and enable them to live a normal life (“Objective assessment of adherence to inhalers by COPD patients,” 2019). Further, the utilization of inhalers tends to be crucial for maintaining the strict regimen needed for controlling COPD conditions, as they avoid the need for as well as negative impacts linked to the utilization of oral and injectable drugs.

Further, through the utilization of smart inhalers, COPD patients will be constantly reminded to take their medication and at the same collecting crucial data that may be utilized by the patients and the health care providers to monitor as well as alter the medication dosage when necessary (Ding et al., 2019). This means that the patients are offered the appropriate medication based on their COPD condition and at the same time allowing the health care providers the ability to track the patient’s condition and, as a result, enable them to determine the appropriate medication.

Project Description

The main purpose of the project is to ensure that patients suffering from COPD do not misuse the freedom that is linked to the utilization of inhalers through ignoring the recommended treatment schedule, as well as failure to stock their refills.

With the implementation of advanced technology in the health sector, the way health care provision is practiced significantly changed, and it has promoted positive health outcomes. Through the use of the smart inhaler, it comprises an automatic reminder of when the patient needs to take his or her medication. Further, it also tends to alert signals when the patients forget to take their inhalers with them as well, as it aids in addressing noncompliance-related issues. Moreover, the attained data records will offer a prediction of a respiratory attack such as asthma, and as a result, enable the patients to prevent the attacks from happening (Slevin et al., 2021). Majorly this information will contribute to the reduction of clinical severity as well as the length of every attack and, as a result, prevent increased damage of the lungs.

Additionally, the identification of the patient’s time, as well as location, allows the health care providers to be able to point out the various aspects that trigger the occurrence of COPD. In other situations, the smart inhalers may also sense significant levels of pollen or air pollutants and provide the patient with a warning signal of the potential exacerbations (Slevin et al., 2019).

Additionally, the smart inhaler also tends to enlighten the patient on the appropriate inhaler technique in order to deliver the right amount of drugs to the lungs as well as minimize the possible side effects. Fundamentally, through the attainment of crucial data, the smart inhalers will contribute to significant savings in regards to health care cost and human suffering in relation to COPD as they allow the patient to achieve significant control over their health condition through the identification of trigger factors, connection and sharing of information with their health care providers (Slevin et al., 2019). Arguably, the smart inhaler technology will be of great benefit as it will promote adherence to the treatment schedule, usage tracking, as well as dosage reminders through offering patient-relevant notifications.

Background

COPD tends to be a progressive health condition, and over time the condition tends to get more severe if the symptoms are addressed. However, appropriate management allows a significant population of COPD patients attain excellent control as well as the quality of life and limited risks linked to this health condition. A significant patient population with COPD is often provided with inhalers which provide medication directly to the lungs enabling the patient to breathe easily through relaxation and widening of the patient’s airway. However, most of the patients lack the ability to effectively manage the COPD condition, and as a result, their symptoms tend to get severe to the point of causing even death (Slevin et al., 2019).

Every COPD patient tends to suffer from unique chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) symptoms, and it is essential for the patient to have an adequate understanding of their COPD to be able to attain control over their lives (Slevin et al., 2021). Further, having an adequate understanding of one’s chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) symptoms allows one to be able to identify the possible triggers and the appropriate medication to take to manage the condition. Also, through understanding chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), one is able to explain to their health care providers how they feel.

Goal and objectives

One main goal of this project proposal is to enhance the patient’s functional status as well as their quality of life through ensuring the optimal functioning of their lungs, prevention of exacerbation recurrence as well as enhancing the symptoms experienced through the use of improved technology (Park, 2017). This goal tends to be crucial as it allows the patient to achieve control over their lives. Another significant goal of the project is to assert that the implementation of new and advanced technology in the management of COPD has the ability to reduce its severity and allow patients to live a healthy normal life.

On the other hand, the main objectives of the project are ensuring that the patients and the health care providers are able to utilize the acquired data from smart inhalers to develop effective COPD management approaches (Park, 2017. Another major objective of the project is to ensure that the patients are enlightened about their COPD conditions and encouraged to participate in effective management approaches.

Significance

The significance of the proposed project is to ensure that COPD patients are able to utilize their smart inhalers to collect crucial symptomatic information relating to their health condition and share it with their health care providers. This tends to allow the patient to be effective in understanding their COPD type, and on the other hand, it allows the health care provider to develop the appropriate COPD management approach based on the information acquired from the smart inhaler (Slevin et al., 2021). Additionally, through the utilization of smart inhalers, patients are constantly reminded of the time to take their COPD medicine as well as through the sensors attached to the inhaler, they are also able to predict the occurrence of an exacerbation and, as a result, enable them to achieve the quality of life.

Conclusion

Particularly, individuals suffering from COPD tend to be at a higher risk of developing lung cancer, heart-related diseases, and other related conditions. With the introduction of new and advanced technology, the health care sector has introduced technological devices which aid in promoting positive health care outcomes. In conclusion, the utilization of smart or digital inhalers will bring potential benefits to the management of COPD as it will ensure that the patients and their health care providers are constantly enlightened on the various symptoms impacting the patient. Further, this tends to allow the patient to effectively understand their COPD type, and on the other hand, it allows the health care provider to develop the appropriate COPD management approach based on the in the information acquired from the smart inhaler.

References

Ding, H., Fatehi, F., Maiorana, A., Bashi, N., Hu, W., & Edwards, I. (2019). Digital health for COPD care: The current state of play. Journal of Thoracic Disease, 11(S17), S2210-S2220. https://doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2019.10.17

Objective assessment of adherence to inhalers by COPD patients. (2019). Case Medical Research. https://doi.org/10.31525/ct1-nct04025242

Park, J. H. (2017). Pharmacologic management of COPD. COPD, 333-349. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-47178-4_23

Slevin, P., Kessie, T., Cullen, J., Butler, M. W., Donnelly, S. C., & Caulfield, B. (2019). Exploring the potential benefits of digital health technology for the management of COPD: A qualitative study of patient perceptions. ERJ Open Research, 5(2), 00239-2018. https://doi.org/10.1183/23120541.00239-2018

Slevin, P., Kessie, T., Cullen, J., Butler, M. W., Donnelly, S. C., & Caulfield, B. (2021). A qualitative study of clinician perceptions regarding the potential role for digital health interventions for the management of COPD. Health Informatics Journal, 27(1), 146045822199488. https://doi.org/10.1177/1460458221994888

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